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Monday, September 30, 2013

RBI Bans Zero percent finance Scheme , No charges on Payment by Debit Card


1. Please refer to RBI's circular DBS.CO.PPD No. 17882/11.01.005/2012-13 dated June 19, 2013, wherein we had observed certain disquieting features in certain practices / or products prevalent / or offered by some of the banks.

We RBI  had solicited your comments in this regard as these were found to be impinging on customer protection, accounting integrity &  thereby the fair market practices which banks should epitomize. The issues and the banks' contentions have been examined at length and our instructions are detailed below.

2. Subvention on price / or moratorium for payment offered by dealers / or manufactures - Subventions / or Discounts on price or moratorium period for payment are often offered by the dealers or manufacturers on their products to the customers while they make the purchase by availing loans from banks.

In such instances, it is the responsibility of the banks, who are / may be using their good offices to get the better bargain, to make the customers fully aware of these benefits and also pass on the benefits to them fully &  indiscriminately while sanctioning loan for the purchase.

More importantly, this has to be done directly without tampering with the applicable rate of interest (ROI) of the product. If there is a discount offered in the price of a product, the loan amount sanctioned for the purchase should be after taking into account the discount, rather than giving effect to the benefit by reducing the ROI.

Similarly, if there is a moratorium period for payment available, the benefit should be passed on to the customer by ensuring that repayment schedule, including the interest servicing, commence after the moratorium period only rather than adjusting it in the ROI. Thus in principle, banks should not resort to any practice that would distort the interest rate structure of a product as this vitiates the transparency in pricing mechanism which is very important for the customer to take informed decision.

3. Zero per cent loans  / or pricing of product as per the sourcing channel -  In the O% EMI schemes offered on credit card outstandings, the interest element is often camouflaged &  passed on to customer in the form of processing fee.

Similarly, some banks were loading the expenses incurred in sourcing the loan (viz DSA commission) in the applicable ROI charged on the product. Since, the very concept of O% interest is non-existent and fair practice demands that the processing charge and ROI charged should be kept uniform product/segment wise, irrespective of the sourcing channel, such schemes only serve the purpose of alluring and exploiting the vulnerable customers.

The only factor that can justify differential ROI for the same product, tenor being the same, is the risk rating of the customer, which may not be applicable in case of retail products where the ROI is generally kept flat and is indifferent to the customer risk profile.

4. Levying fees on debit card transactions by merchants -  There are instances where merchant establishments levy fee as a percentage of the transaction value as charges on customers who are making payments for purchase of goods &  services through debit cards.

Such fee are not justifiable and are not permissible as per the bilateral agreement between the acquiring bank and the merchants and therefore calls for termination of the relationship of the bank with such establishments.

5. Though many banks have appreciated our concerns & have discontinued with the above mentioned practices / or  products, some of them still seem to persist with them.

These practices / products thwart the very principle of fair and transparent pricing of products which beholds customer rights & customer protection, especially, in the more vulnerable retail segment.


Such practices thus violate, both in letter and spirit, various provisions of our MC on Interest Rate on Advances and therefore, you are advised to strictly desist from these practices henceforth.

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